The global bio-based polymers market was estimated to be worth of USD 14.2 billion in 2018 and is projected to grow at a CAGR of 10% over the forecast period. The report ‘Bio-based Polymers Market Share, Size, Trends, & Industry Analysis Report, [By Product (PET, PA, PEF, PE, PUR, PBS, PHA, PTT, PBS, Epoxies, PEF, Others), By End-Use (Textile, Automotive, Films & Coatings, Electronics, Industrial), By Regions]: Segment Forecast, 2018 - 2026’ provides insights on the current market scenario and the future prospects.
Bio-based polymers are obtained through the polymerization of bio-based raw materials through engineered industrial processes. The raw materials of bio-based polymers are either isolated from plants and animals or synthesized from biomass using enzymes or microorganisms. The raw materials used for manufacturing bio-based polymers includes corn fiber, wheat by-products, food processing waste, paper mill sludge, stems, leaves, livestock waste, and others.
Initially bio-based functional polymers were derived from agricultural feedstock, but a recent breakthrough in technology has shifted focus to derive from nucleic acids, proteins, polysaccharides, and bacterial fermentation by synthesizing monomers like fatty acids, cellulose, and starch.
Increasing dependence on synthetic polymers has led to a rise in environment risks associated with disposal and recycling. The combustion of these synthetic polymers releases harmful greenhouse gasses (GHGs) and other toxic gasses into the atmosphere, thereby degrading the environment and leading to ozone depletion & global warming. Stringent environmental regulations on fossil fuel products by regulatory authorities such as the EPA and REACH coupled with government initiatives to reduce dependency on petrochemicals have been responsible for the development of bio-based alternatives.
This is further supported by the increasing awareness towards sustainability and growing demand for bio-based polymers from various end-use industries such as automotive, electrical & electronics, construction, and footwear. Bio-based construction polymer market is in its nascent phase and is estimated to witness significant growth over the next six years on account of the increasing demand from end-use industries.
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The commercially available bio-based polymer comprises 100% biomass content. Currently, bio-based polymer is derived from corn fiber, wheat by-products, food processing waste, paper mill sludge, stems, leaves, livestock waste. However, companies have been making significant investments in developing 100% bio-based polymers, which do not require fossil fuel or petrochemical byproducts.
The bio-based polymers are manufactured through the polymerization of bio-based raw materials through engineered industrial processes. Bio-based polymers are usually manufactured from vegetable oils derived from castor, soybean, rapeseed, or sunflower corn fiber, wheat by-products, food processing waste, paper mill sludge, stems, leaves, livestock waste, and others.
The major global raw material manufacturers include companies such as Victrexplc, Mitsubishi, and Wageningen UR among several others. The bio-based content in polymer varies depending on the type of feedstock that is used during manufacturing.
Major bio-based polymer manufacturers include Cargill, Lubrizol, BASF SE, Bayer Material Science, and Dow Chemical where these companies further process polymer using numerous industrial techniques. In certain cases, some companies supply the unfinished biopolymer to other small and medium-scaled companies. Moreover, several major players operating in the market such as BASF SE, Cargill, Bayer Material Science, Bio Based Technologies, and BioAmber have forward integrated their operations, starting from producing raw materials to production of bio-based polymer.
Major polymer manufacturers are shifting their focus towards developing sustainable technologies and are collaborating with various individual bio-based technology manufacturers in order to produce bio-based polymers. The bio-based polymer industry is consolidated in nature and has witnessed numerous M&A over the past few years.
Polaris Market Research has segmented the global bio-based polymers market on the basis of Product, End-use and Region:
Bio-based Polymers by Product Outlook (Volume, Kilo Tons; Revenue, USD Million, 2015 – 2026)
Bio-based Polymers by End-Use Outlook (Volume, Kilo Tons; Revenue, USD Million, 2015 – 2026)
Bio-based Polymers by Region (Volume, Kilo Tons; Revenue, USD Million, 2015 – 2026)