Electric Mid- and Large (9-14m) Bus Market Share, Size, Trends, Industry Analysis Report, By Propulsion (FCEV, Diesel/Gasoline/CNG-LNG, HEV/PHEV, BEV, LFP); By Application; By Region; Segment Forecast, 2024 - 2032
- Published Date:Jan-2024
- Pages: 119
- Format: PDF
- Report ID: PM4430
- Base Year: 2023
- Historical Data: 2019 – 2022
Electric Mid- and Large (9-14m) Bus Market size was valued at USD 9,163.64 million in 2023. The market is anticipated to grow from USD 10,717.22 million in 2024 to USD 38,920.00 million by 2032, exhibiting the CAGR of 17.5% during the forecast period
Electric Mid- and Large (9-14m) Bus Market Overview
An electric bus is a vehicle powered by electric motors instead of an internal combustion engine. These buses can either store energy internally or receive a continuous supply from an external power source. While various storage methods exist, such as the gyro bus utilizing flywheel energy storage, the predominant type is the battery electric bus, the focus of this page. In this design, the electric motor draws energy from an onboard battery pack. In cases where onboard electricity is depleted, external power sources, such as overhead lines seen in trolleybuses or ground-level power sources like inductive charging, are utilized to replenish the bus's energy.
The escalation of air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions from traditional diesel buses has instigated a shift towards cleaner transportation alternatives. Governments worldwide are enacting policies and offering incentives to encourage the embrace of electric mid- and large buses. These initiatives encompass subsidies, tax breaks, preferential access to public transportation lanes, and investments in charging infrastructure. The rising urban population concentration underscores the necessity for sustainable and efficient public transportation solutions. Electric mid- and large buses prove ideal for urban settings, given their zero emissions and capacity to navigate congested areas.
Advancements in charging technologies, including fast charging and ultra-fast charging, are expanding the operational range of electric mid- and large buses. The combination of these factors is propelling a strong momentum toward the embrace of electric mid- and large buses, positioning them as a crucial element in the shift towards sustainable urban transportation. With ongoing technological enhancements and steadfast government support, electric mid- and large buses are poised to assume an increasingly dominant role in the future landscape of public transportation.
- For instance, in March 2021, London operated a fleet of 9,068 buses, comprising 3,884 hybrid buses, 485 electric buses, and two hydrogen buses. Plans were in place to increase the number of electric buses to 9,200 by 2037.
To Understand More About this Research: Request a Free Sample Report
The incorporation of electric buses aids municipalities in achieving their pollution reduction objectives. The impact would be even more significant if the electrical generation in densely populated nations like China and India is concurrently shifted to green sources. The National Electric Mobility Mission Plan (NEMMP) 2020 of the Indian government aims to promote the manufacturing and usage of electric vehicles in the country.
Electric Mid- and Large (9-14m) Bus Market Dynamics
Increasing demand for sustainable transportation solutions bolstering the growth of the electric mid- and large (9-14m) bus industry analysis.
The worldwide increase in the utilization of electric mid- and large buses is set to gain momentum, propelled by factors such as the government incentives like purchase subsidies, implementation of low-emission zones, declining battery expenses, strict emission regulations, and tax exemptions. The increasing adoption of electric transit buses has laid the groundwork for a worldwide supply chain for buses with alternative powertrain systems. The escalating need to retrain emissions, especially in densely populated urban regions, will drive the request for electric mid- and large buses in intercity transportation.
According to the International Energy Agency (IEA), a significant increase in the global production of batteries tailored for electric mid- and large buses, featuring a 100kWh capacity for Battery Electric Vehicles (BEVs), scaling up from 25,000 to 100,000 units annually, has the potential to significantly reduce battery pack production costs by 13%, nearly one-third lower than the current rate of USD 300/kWh. It is vital to underscore that battery expenses are intricately tied to their capacity. Despite the initially high prices of high-capacity batteries, ongoing reductions have made them more economically feasible for end users. The research is also directed towards expanding battery pack capacities to meet the diverse range requirements of electric mid- and large buses while concurrently lowering overall costs. With the decreasing costs of lithium, a substantial increase in the future adoption of electric mid- and large buses is expected.
Safety Concerns Associated with Electric Vehicle (EV) Batteries are likely to hamper the growth of the market.
Electric vehicle (EV) batteries employed in electric mid- and large buses undergo comprehensive testing to guarantee safety. Key factors contributing to EV battery fires encompass elements such as intense rain, temperature variations, and overcharging. In response to safety concerns, manufacturers worldwide, including those in China, Japan, the US, and the European Union (EU), are required to give precedence to continuous monitoring of battery safety, health, and performance.
Specific regulations governing electric mid- and large buses focus on safeguarding batteries in collisions, restricting chemical spillage, and isolating the chassis to prevent electric shock. Additionally, attaining an optimal operating temperature and ensuring protection require advanced battery management systems, but their development entails a significant investment of time and resources for manufacturers. The heightened development costs consequently impact the overall initial cost of electric vehicles, imposing a financial burden on buyers.
Within the domain of electric mid- and large buses, the size of the battery pack, determined by the required driving range, directly influences costs and introduces intricacies to the vehicle's body and chassis design. Considering the potential need for battery replacement one or two times throughout the operational lifespan of bus, contingent on variables like annual mileage, operating temperatures, and charging rates, notable challenges arise due to heightened initial and maintenance expenditures in the electric mid- and large (9-14m) bus market.
The market is primarily segmented based on propulsion, application, and region.
To Understand the Scope of this Report: Speak to Analyst
Electric Mid- and Large (9-14m) Bus Market Segmental Analysis
By Propulsion Analysis
- Lithium iron phosphate (LFP) batteries are anticipated to dominate the electric mid- and large (9-14m) bus market share throughout the forecast period. These batteries come with various advantages, such as being lightweight, cost-effective, and exhibiting higher thermal stability with improved discharge and charge efficiency compared to NMC batteries. LFP batteries have a longer lifespan, require minimal maintenance, and provide optimized safety features. Considering these benefits, LFP batteries are widely employed in high-performance electric mid- and large buses, delivering a high current rate, ensuring a high voltage-bearing capacity, and having an extended cycle life. Additionally, LFP batteries are the preferred choice for long-haul buses, capable of supporting heavy battery packs constructed with low-density cells to meet the necessary range requirements.
Owing to the lower prices of LFP batteries compared to NCA and NMC batteries, Asia Pacific is leading the adoption of LFP batteries in electric buses. For instance, in September 2022, BYD Company Ltd. introduced blade battery technology utilizing LFP chemistry, promising to provide 40-50% more energy density capacity. Some electric mid- and large buses equipped with this chemistry include BYD K9, Ashok Leyland Circuit, Yutong E12, Olectra BYD eBuzz K9, King Long XMQ6127EVG, and Zhongtong Bus LCK6125EVG, among others. With ongoing advancements in technology for batteries and a continuous decline in battery prices, the demand for LFP batteries in electric mid- and large buses is expected to increase further.
By Application Analysis
- The City/Transit Bus segment is poised to lead the electric mid- and large (9-14m) bus market share in 2023. They have a substantial preference in Asia Pacific, Europe, and North America for city/transit purposes. The appeal of these buses lies in their aptness for urban areas, featuring a relatively larger seating capacity and easy maneuverability through narrow city streets, efficiently navigating city traffic. Additionally, the battery range offered in these buses proves adequate for most urban transit routes, and their capability for relatively quick charging renders them practical for daily operations by public transport bodies.
Despite their dominance in city/transit applications, electric mid- and large buses are also manufactured in alternative sizes, such as double-deckers and mini-buses, catering to specific needs like tourist routes or airport shuttles. The increasing imperative to reduce emissions, particularly in highly populated cities, will further amplify the demand for electric mid- and large buses in city/transit applications.
Electric Mid- and Large (9-14m) Bus Market Regional Insights
The Asia Pacific region dominated the global market with the largest electric mid- and large (9-14m) bus market share in 2023
The primary driver of heightened regional demand is the increasing importance of reducing urban pollution and lessening dependence on fossil fuels, coupled with growing government initiatives promoting clean public transportation. China stands out as the largest market globally. Dominating both the Chinese and global markets for electric mid- and large buses are key players like Yutong, BYD, Ankai, and Zhongtong. These Chinese companies have achieved prominence by developing and offering electric mid- and large buses at competitive prices, benefiting from the availability of components at lower rates. Most Chinese bus manufacturers boast comprehensive portfolios featuring fully electric and hybrid buses, with a strategic focus on revolutionizing mass transportation and securing numerous orders for electric buses. Moreover, the Chinese government's supportive policies, such as granting priority access to bus lanes, exemptions from specific traffic restrictions or preferential parking policies, and congestion charges, enhance the prominence of electric mid- and large buses compared to their internal combustion engine counterparts.
Many of the major Chinese electric mid- and large bus players, such as BYD, can manufacture a significant portion of components in-house, primarily to reduce costs and ensure quality. Chinese original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) like King Long and Yutong are actively exploring the export market to maintain high utilization rates in their manufacturing facilities.
The market is fragmented and is anticipated to witness competition due to the electric mid- and large (9-14m) bus market leader presence. Major service providers in the market are constantly upgrading their technologies to stay ahead of the competition and to ensure efficiency, integrity, and safety. These players focus on partnership, product upgrades, and collaboration to gain a competitive edge over their peers and capture a significant electric mid- and large (9-14m) bus market share.
Some of the major players operating in the global market include:
- AB Volvo
- VDL Groep
- In January 2023, Daimler secured a contract to deliver 45 buses to VLP Transport for intercity transportation.
- In September 2022, The Urbino 18 model came with an advanced hydrogen fuel cell, enabling extended-distance commuting as it can travel 350 km on a single refill, accommodating up to 138 passengers.
- In January 2022, In Santa Clara City, USA, the Valley Transportation Authority (VTA) is set to implement an innovative clean energy microgrid and electric vehicle (EV) fleet charging system in collaboration with Proterra and Scale Microgrid Solutions. This initiative aims to demonstrate how the integration of clean energy with fleet-scale EV charging can facilitate the transition to fully electric vehicle fleets. Anticipated to be operational by late 2023, the project will contribute to VTA's ongoing efforts to further diminish greenhouse gas emissions.
The Electric Mid- and Large (9-14m) Bus market report emphasizes key regions across the globe to provide a better understanding of the product to the users. Also, the report provides market insights into recent developments and trends and analyzes the technologies that are gaining traction around the globe. Furthermore, the report covers an in-depth qualitative analysis pertaining to various paradigm shifts associated with the transformation of these solutions.
The report provides a detailed analysis of the market while focusing on various key aspects such as competitive analysis, propulsion, application, and their futuristic growth opportunities.
Electric Mid- and Large (9-14m) Bus Market Report Scope
Market size value in 2024
USD 10,717.2 million
Revenue Forecast in 2032
USD 38,920.0 million
17.5% from 2024 – 2032
2019 – 2022
2024 – 2032
Revenue in USD million and CAGR from 2024 to 2032
By Propulsion, By Application, By Region
North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Latin America; Middle East & Africa
Report customization as per your requirements with respect to countries, regions, and segmentation.
The Electric Mid- and Large (9-14m) Bus Market report covering key segments are propulsion, application, and region.
Electric Mid- and Large (9-14m) Bus Market Size Worth $ 38.920.0 Million By 2032
Electric Mid- and Large (9-14m) Bus Market exhibiting the CAGR of 17.5% during the forecast period
Asia Pacific is leading the global market
key driving factors in Electric Mid- and Large (9-14m) Bus Market are Increasing demand for sustainable transportation solutions