The global 3D Printing Construction market size was valued at USD 4.58 million in 2019 and is anticipated to grow at a CAGR of 225.2% during the forecast period. 3D printing is increasingly being used in the building sector for constructing complex structures using a computer-programmed software for improved efficiency. Implementation of this technology offers higher accuracy, greater speed for constructing buildings, and reduced labor costs. Increasing environmental concerns are driving economies towards use of 3D printing for building infrastructure to encourage use of organic and eco-friendly construction materials while reducing waste production. This technology proves to be successful in harsh and dangerous environments and assists in decreasing workplace accidents.
3D Printing Building Market is experiencing significant growth owing to increasing adoption of building information modelling. Building information modelling provides a collaborative platform and shared knowledge resource for architecture, engineering, construction professionals, and other stakeholders for effective execution of planning, design, operational, management, and construction decisions. Additionally, factors such as growth in development of commercial buildings in the emerging economies, rising need for affordable housing solutions, and adoption of environment regulations to reduce carbon emissions further fuel the growth of the 3D printed buildings market.
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These buildings offer affordable housing solutions and are increasingly being used in poverty stricken and disaster affected areas. The ability of 3D printers to construct a house in a few days, coupled with increased awareness among consumers, technological advancement, rising investment in research and development, and use of wider range of materials are some factors expected to provide growth opportunities during the forecast period.
These 3-Dimensional printers are designed to use multiple materials simultaneously. These printers support a wide variety of materials such as concrete, plastic, metal, and composite among other materials for printing. This technology is expected to reduce the cost of overheads required for building, while also cutting down construction time significantly. Features such as the ability to build lightweight designs, enhanced efficiency in use of raw materials, capability to produce objects with high mechanical strength, improved freedom of design, reduced production time, and freedom of customization are some factors encouraging businesses to invest in the technology. Many small- and medium-sized organizations are increasingly turning towards 3D printed services for development of customized products.
The market is primarily segmented on the basis of Type, Process, Material, End-User and Geographic Region.
By Construction Type
By Printing Process
By Printing Material
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On the basis of construction type, the market is segmented into modular, and full building construction. The demand for full building development has increased over the years owing to its accuracy in complex and accurate structures being printed. The use of 3D printing in the initial stages of production is beneficial as designers can identify the errors or defects in the built, thereby reducing the production time and operational cost. The utilization of materials is done in an efficient manner and no excess material is used. This technology is based on additive manufacturing process, which involves layer-by-layer deposition of materials. Efficient use of material and reduction in wastage are the key driving forces responsible for the adoption of this technique in construction sector.
Modular segment is expected to grow at a significant rate during the forecast period. This technology enables manufacturers to print 3D construction elements at their own location, thereby reducing inventory and warehouse requirements. Modular construction is used for printing objects, spare parts, and equipment as per requirement, thereby offering greater level of customization to consumers.
On the basis of printing process, the market is segmented into extrusion, powder bonding, others. The extrusion segment dominated the global 3D Printing Construction market in 2019 by holding largest market share in the industry. This process is used for building of concept models and functional parts layer-by-layer by heating up the thermoplastic material into a semi-liquid state. Certain advantages associated with this technology are its high speed and accuracy, low cost of production, ease of maintenance, lightweight, endurance to heat, chemicals, dry & humid environment, and no hazardous waste generation during manufacturing process.
The demand for powder bonding process is exhibiting growth owing to its ability to produce light weight structures, provide consistent output repetitively, and capability of developing consolidated parts, which gradually reduce the time required for assembly. This process provides higher durability and heat resistance, while manufacturing complex shapes with a shorter lead time.
On the basis of printing material, the market is segmented into concrete, plastic, metal, hybrid, and others. In 2019, the concrete segment accounted for the highest market share and is expected to continue its dominance over the forecast period. 3D concrete printed material is being used for construction of complex structures not possible with traditional concrete formwork. Some features of 3D concrete printing include advanced design possibilities, customized structures, reduced costs, streamlined process, improved quality, and greater productivity.
On the basis of end-user, the market is segmented into building, and infrastructure. In 2019, the building segment accounted for the highest market share. The building segment is further bifurcated into residential, commercial, and industrial. The rising demand for commercial buildings from developing regions, growing need to reduce construction costs, and increasing awareness regarding environmental protection is expected to accelerate the market growth during the forecast period. This segment is also influenced by the rising population, growing industrialization, and need to reduce construction costs.
Asia-Pacific dominated the global 3D printing construction market in 2019. Increasing urbanization, growing research and development activities, expansion of international players in this region, and technological advancements are some of the additional factors attributed to the growth of this regional segment. The South Korean government has introduced 3D Printing Industry Development Council, comprising officials from various ministries to strengthen South Korea’s position in the global in 3D printing market. The government plans to train 10 million people in this technology by 2020, with a view to expand its additive printing infrastructure on a national level. The South Korean government plans to focus on potential business prospects coupled with educational initiatives.
The leading players in the 3D Printing in Construction market include XtreeE, WinSun, Skanska, Apis Cor, Branch Technology, AI build, Zhuoda Group, Cazza construction Company, Contour Crafting Corporation, Monolite UK, Sika, Cybe Construction, Mx3D, Centro Sviluppo Progetti, Icon, and Imprimere Ag. These players are expanding their presence across various geographies and entering new markets in developing regions to expand their customer base and strengthen presence in the market. The companies are also introducing new innovative products in the market to cater to the growing consumer demands.