The global benzene consumption volume was 53268.7 kilo tons in 2017 and is forecasted to grow at a CAGR of 4.2% from 2018 to 2026.
Benzene is a petrochemical derivative and is produced in bulk primarily in steam crackers and oil refineries. It is a by-product recovered from the aromatic hydrocarbon stream and thus its demand is driven by the demand of other products such as p-xylene, ethylene, and gasoline.
Benzene market is mainly driven by its diverse applications within the chemical industry. It serves as a building block for the synthesis of numerous other chemicals such as cyclohexane, ethyl benzene, cumene, alkyl benzene, nitrobenzene, and many others. Benzene has several underlying chemical value chains, for instance, polyurethanes, nylons, polycarbonates, styrenics, and others.
Ethyl Benzene accounts for the maximum market share relative to other Benzene derivatives and thus has largely driven the benzene market. This benzene derivative is mainly used for the production of acrylonitrilebutadiene-styrene (ABS), polystyrene, styrene-acrylonitrile (SAN), and other unsaturated polyester resins. The consumption of styrene products is majorly in construction, electrical & electronics, packaging, and consumer products.
The rapid growth in the end-use industries is the major reason for the never ending demand of Benzene and its derivatives. The derivatives of benzene are extremely versatile and large in number with application in almost every segment, where the major ones include building & construction, paints & coatings, textiles, and specialty chemicals.
Benzene market is also driven by the large scale downstream investments in many countries such as Saudi Arabia and some other emerging nations in Southeast Asia. The global downstream petrochemical industry has been continuously impacted by the integration of the world economy and globalization. Several factors influencing petrochemical industry include economies of scale, price of crude oil, shale gas developments, technology, environment, economic growth & demand, and political uncertainties.
One major restraint that the benzene market is huge environmental impact. Benzene when used in high quantities and exposed to the environment can lead to serious damage to soil, aquatic life, and the surrounding as whole. This petrochemical derivative is known to be carcinogenic for human beings if inhaled. Thus, the global benzene market is regulated via numerous policy frameworks proposed by agencies such as Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), Registration, Evaluation, Authorization and Restriction of Chemicals (REACH), and many others.
North America Benzene Market Share by Derivatives, 2017-2026
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Ethyl benzene is the largest benzene derivative and is a crucial feedstock for the styrene industry. Styrene has witnessed increased demand in paints & coatings and foams & films end-use segments. Cumene is another very significant Benzene derivative and is used for chemical synthesis of acetone and phenols. These Cumene derivatives are further used in epoxy resins, foam, and polycarbonates market.
Benzene market is segmented into many other significant derivatives such as aniline, alkyl Benzene, cyclohexane, chlorobenzene, malic anhydride, and others. These derivatives are used to obtain other chemical products or are used directly for manufacturing end-use products.
Asia Pacific is the dominant regional player for the Benzene market on account of significant ethylene cracker and refining capacities for addressing the rapidly growing demand especially in countries like China. Moreover, China is a global centre for polyester, fiber, clothing, and textile manufacturing that has led to increased consumption of Benzene.
Other countries in the APAC region such as South Korea, Japan, India, and Southeast Asian countries have also contributed significantly to the overall growth of the region due high degree of diversification in the downstream petrochemical sector.
North America and the Middle East also have significantly substantial demand for Benzene. In North America, the United States is a mature market for Benzene, where some recent trends in the country include high operating rates of the refineries and high availability of isocyanate derivatives.
North America Benzene Market by Derivatives, 2017 - 2026 (Kilo Tons)
The global Benzene market is highly competitive in nature in tandem with the high degree of integration across the value chain. It constitutes of large number of market players globally. Some of the key companies in the industry include Sinopec, BASF, China National Petroleum Corporation, Saudi Basic Industries Corporation, Dow DuPont, ExxonMobil Corporation, and Royal Dutch Shell plc.